According to a report by the International Energy Agency, passenger vehicle ownership in India is expected to grow by 775% in the next 24 years, bringing the ratio of car ownership to inhabitants – currently 20 cars per 1,000 inhabitants – to 175 per 1,000 inhabitants. Passenger car ownership in India has almost tripled in the past decade.
India’s government has been investing in green urban planning in an effort to improve air quality and reduce CO2 emissions. Earlier this year, a World Health Organization (WHO) report found Delhi to be the world’s most polluted city in the world – while other Indian cities were not found to be much better. And while the report found that it was home cooking rather than vehicular emissions that were the main cause of pollution, the report has accelerated the Indian government’s efforts to combat air pollution.
In January of this year, the government decided to skip the Bharat V emissions and make Bharat VI emission standards the norm across the country by 2020. The move promises to reduce NOx emissions by 25% in petrol engine vehicles and by 68% in diesel engine vehicles. PM emissions will be reduced by over 80% in diesel engine vehicles. Based on the European regulation system, the Bharat stage emission standards were developed by the Indian government to regulate air pollutants from internal combustion equipment. The Bharat Stage III norms have been enforced across the country since October 2010, while Bharat Stage IV norms have been applied in 13 major cities across the country.
Earlier this year, India’s Ministry of Power made an ambitious promise to make the country 100% e-vehicle. India, which is the third largest emitter of carbon in the world behind the US and China, has as its 2030 energy targets reducing the rate of emissions by 33-35% relative to gross domestic produce by 2030 from 2005 levels.